For many pregnant women, those swollen ankles are frustrating, but normal. During pregnancy, excess fluid in the body and pressure from the growing uterus can cause swelling (or “edema”) in the ankles and feet. As the maturity date approaches for women, the swelling tends to increase, especially at the end of the day and when the weather is hot.
Edema affects about three-quarters of pregnant women. It can start from the 22nd to the 27th week of pregnancy and may last until you give birth (on the bright side, soon you will never see anything under the abdomen).
Although sudden swelling of the face or hands may be a sign of pre-eclampsia, slight swelling of the ankles and feet is usually not a cause for concern.
Cause of Mastitis
According to some studies, the total body water volume can even increase by 8 liters, and the plasma volume can increase by up to 50%! During pregnancy, the body produces more blood and body fluids to meet the growing needs of the fetus.
During pregnancy, due to increased blood flow in the pelvic veins and vena cava (the large vein on the right) and increased pressure for uterine growth, body fluids increase to nourish you and your baby and accumulate in your tissues, resulting in edema. The blood flowing from the lower limbs back to the heart).
This can cause you to experience unpleasant swelling, especially swelling of your ankles and feet (but also your hands, as you might have noticed the last time you tried to remove the ring). If you gain weight faster, your feet may be more swollen.
How to get relief
The trick to relieve normal swelling is to help blood circulate back to your heart and balance the water and sodium levels in the body. Since sodium can control the amount of fluid in the body, the intake of sodium must be kept moderate. Although the swelling of the feet may or may not feel pain, they will definitely feel uncomfortable or annoying.
Avoid standing for long periods of time
Wear comfortable shoes and socks-avoid tightening belts or anything that may be pinched by swollen feet
Drink plenty of water-this helps your body get rid of excess water
Exercise – try walking or doing foot exercises regularly during the day
Use a pillow to raise your feet and do some exercises to raise your feet above the heart
Replace salt with low-sodium salt and limit the intake of salty food
Sleep on the left side to help the blood in the vein return to the heart
Stay active regularly to reduce swelling
Massage helps to circulate fluid that tends to accumulate on the feet, thereby reducing swelling
Sometimes, slight swelling may go unnoticed. Swelling does not always cause other symptoms. For external swelling, skin or muscle swelling is usually visible. However, other signs of swelling include fluid accumulation in the affected area. Imaging scans can show enlarged organs, muscles or bones. Scans can help diagnose internal swelling, which is difficult to identify. If you suddenly gain weight, high blood pressure, and increased protein in your urine at the same time, it may be a potential sign of pre-eclampsia.
After 20 weeks of pregnancy, about 5% of pregnant women may have pre-eclampsia. Please pay attention to the above symptoms. If you are not sure about the symptoms of abnormal swelling, please contact your obstetrician. Since you need to check your blood pressure and urine every prenatal checkup, please contact your doctor.
High blood pressure during pregnancy is very dangerous, especially sudden high blood pressure. It can cause mothers to coma, infants with cerebral palsy and other serious diseases. Special attention must be paid. Due to severe hypertension and pre-eclampsia, it is recommended that you give birth early in the 35th or 36th week. After delivery, blood pressure will return to normal.